Groupe de Physique Statistique

Equipe 106, Institut Jean Lamour

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Articles dans des revues à comité de lecture

Persistent current and Drude weight in mesoscopic rings
Dias F.C., Pimentel I.R., Henkel M.
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 73 (2006) 075109
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.73.075109
ArXiv : cond-mat/0506654 [PDF]

We study the persistent current and the Drude weight of a system of spinless fermions, with repulsive interactions and a hopping impurity, on a mesoscopic ring pierced by a magnetic flux, using a density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) algorithm for complex fields. Both the Luttinger liquid (LL) and the charge density wave (CDW) phases of the system are considered. Under a Jordan-Wigner transformation, the system is equivalent to a spin- 1 2 XXZ chain with a weakened exchange coupling. We find that the persistent current changes from an algebraic to an exponential decay with the system size, as the system crosses from the LL to the CDW phase with increasing interaction U. We also find that in the interacting system, the persistent current is invariant under the impurity transformation ρâ+´1 ρ, for large system sizes, where ρ is the defect strength. The persistent current exhibits a decay that is in agreement with the behavior obtained for the Drude weight. We find that in the LL phase the Drude weight decreases algebraically with the number of lattice sites N, due to the interplay of the electron interaction with the impurity, while in the CDW phase, it decreases exponentially, defining a localization length which decreases with increasing interaction and impurity strength. Our results show that the impurity and the interactions always decrease the persistent current, and imply that the Drude weight vanishes in the limit Nâ+´â^z in both phases.

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